Plastic packaging in everyday products
As CHEM Trust reported in May a collaboration of academic scientists and NGOs have been working together to identify the hazardous chemicals associated with plastic packaging. We reported that over 4000 chemicals have been identified that are potentially present in plastic packaging or used during its manufacture. At least 148 of these chemicals have been identified as hazardous to human health and/or the environment.
This week the “Chemicals associated with Plastic Packaging database” (CPPdb) has been published.This database lists the chemicals that are likely to be used in the manufacturing of plastic packaging and could be present in final packaging articles like a shampoo bottle, a wrapping of a take-away sandwich or a plastic wrapping for a toy.
The European Union is currently relying on a 19 year old strategy for much of its work on Endocrine (Hormone) Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs), chemicals that can disrupt the sensitive endocrine system of people and wildlife. The European Commission is now consulting on a ‘Roadmap’ “Towards a more comprehensive EU framework on endocrine disrupters”, which is part of the development of a renewed approach. In CHEM Trust’s response we are calling for a stronger focus on policies to reduce exposures to EDCs. [read more]
The UK Government today published a White Paper spelling out its Brexit strategy and CHEM Trust welcomes its reaffirmation that the UK will be seeking ‘active’ participation in the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) and the linked REACH chemicals regulatory system.
The UK Government’s proposals address two of the three preconditions that we believe will be necessary for the UK to have a chance of staying in REACH, however we are very concerned that the third precondition, staying within the EU’s chemical-related laws, is missing.
These other laws, for example covering water pollution, factory emissions and health and safety, are crucial to safe management of chemicals, and CHEM Trust’s view is the the EU will not accept the UK’s request to stay in ECHA without them. [read more]
On March 27th CHEM Trust published the “Toxic Soup” report, which examined how industry is being allowed to replace the well-known hormone disrupting chemical bisphenol A (BPA), with very similar chemicals that may also be harmful, for example bisphenol S (BPS).
The day before we had sent letters to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Commission’s Health Commissioner Vytenis Andriukaitis, calling for accelerated regulatory action on the bisphenols group of chemicals.
We have received replies to all three letters, and new research from ECHA has found that the amount of BPS used in producing thermal paper is increasing rapidly.
In CHEM Trust’s view the UK should aim to remain in the EU’s world-leading chemicals regulatory system REACH and the EU Chemicals Agency ECHA, whatever the final outcome of Brexit. The UK Prime Minister has spoken of ‘Associate Membership’ of ECHA, but it’s not yet clear what this means.
The UK Parliament has just finished a complex set of votes on a range of Brexit-related issues, while the EU chemical industry trade association has also called for the UK to remain close to REACH. However, the Article 50 Taskforce has dismissed the idea of the UK being part of REACH while outside the EU single market….
In its Plastics Strategy, published in January this year, the EU Commission announced it had tasked ECHA to collect background information and review the scientific basis for taking regulatory action at the EU level regarding intentionally added microplastics in products.
[image: Microplastic Ingestion by Zooplankton. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2013, 47 (12), pp 6646–6655]
CHEM Trust has participated in the first step of the process by responding
to ECHA’s call for evidence and information
that closed on 11 May 2018. ECHA will review the evidence presented and then plans to submit a restriction proposal to the EU Commission by mid-January 2019. The proposal will subsequently be discussed and amended by ECHA scientific committees before being submitted to public consultation later in 2019.
CHEM Trust has joined an important collaboration of NGOs and academic scientists looking at the topical and crucial issue of hazardous chemicals in plastic packaging.
As we all know, use of plastic packaging is increasing globally, causing environmental and human health concerns. In 2015 annual plastic production was 380Mt, of which about 40 per cent was used in packaging, with the majority being used in food packaging.
Plastic packaging is a source of chemical exposure to consumers and workers, as chemicals used in the packaging can migrate into foods and the environment during manufacturing, use, disposal and recycling. It is therefore vital for us to know what chemicals are present in plastic packaging and what the associated risks are.
A new report “From BPA to BPZ: a toxic soup? How companies switch from a known hazardous chemical to one with similar properties, and how regulators could stop them”, published today by CHEM Trust, highlights how industry is being allowed to replace the well-known hormone disrupting chemical bisphenol A (BPA), with very similar chemicals that may also be harmful.
BPA is a chemical that has been used in thermal paper till receipts, polycarbonate water bottles, and food can linings. It’s also a common contaminant of house dust. It was first found to be able to mimic the female hormone in the 1930s and in recent years there has been more and more evidence of its potential impact on health, including increased risk of breast cancer, impaired sperm counts, impacts on diabetes and obesity, and hyperactivity in children.
The European Union (EU) has banned BPA’s use in baby bottles, and is phasing it out of till receipts, but it is still extensively used in other products.
When BPA first came to the public’s attention over two decades ago, manufacturers scrambled to find replacement chemicals to use in products. Many found that the easiest option was to move to another closely-related bisphenol, such as bisphenol S (BPS). Researchers are now finding many of these closely-related chemicals in people around the world – and they are finding that they are also potential hormone disruptors. However, regulators are not yet controlling the use of these similar chemicals.
In a speech on Friday March 2nd the UK Prime Minister Theresa May stated that the UK wished to discuss the possibility of remaining part of the EU chemicals agency ECHA after Brexit.
CHEM Trust welcomes this announcement, but it is important to realise that the other EU governments (the EU27) will inevitably set specific conditions for such participation, and that the risk remains that participation may be considered ‘cherry picking’ by the EU. The contrasting experiences of Norway and Switzerland in gaining – and not gaining – access to ECHA are instructive. [read more]
In 2014 CHEM Trust published a detailed study of the increasing evidence that human and veterinary medicines are damaging wildlife.
Three years later, the European Commission has just completed a consultation on a proposed “Strategic approach” to pharmaceuticals in the environment.
CHEM Trust’s response to this consultation argues that the “issue of pharmaceuticals in the environment is a neglected policy area and stricter regulatory action is long overdue“. We also make some specific policy recommendations.