Paper used as a food contact material
For over four years CHEM Trust has been calling for the EU to review its ineffective laws regulating chemicals in chemicals in Food Contact Materials (FCM) like food packaging. On September 24th, the European Commission invited a wide range of stakeholders to a workshop in Brussels to (finally!) launch this review.
As we have highlighted in the past, the current laws do not properly protect public health, as many materials – like paper, card, inks and glues – are not controlled by harmonised EU laws, and where harmonised laws do exist (like for plastic packaging), these laws are too weak. [read more]
The UK Conservative Party Conference this week was dominated by the major hurdles of Brexit, chiefly the Irish border, immigration policy and trade. However, chemicals continued to feature in discussions across the conference, from small fringe events on environment and trade up to the main stage address from Environment Minister Michael Gove.
CHEM Trust’s Kate Young at Conservative Party Conference
The deep divisions currently present in the Conservative Party are well illustrated by the debate on how chemicals should be regulated post-Brexit. The Prime Minister has called for the UK to attain associate membership of the European Chemicals Agency, ECHA and to remain in the EU’s world-leading REACH chemicals regulatory system.
As we have outlined previously, our analysis is that the Government’s White Paper proposals address only two of the three preconditions that we believe will be necessary for the UK to have a chance of this. The third precondition, staying within the EU’s chemical related laws, is missing. [read more]
CHEM Trust reported in July that we are working with a collaboration of academic scientists and NGOs to identify the hazardous chemicals associated with plastic packaging. We published a database of Chemicals associated with Plastic Packaging (CPPdb) which lists 4000 chemicals that are potentially present in plastic packaging, or used during its manufacture. At least 148 of these chemicals were identified as hazardous to human health and/or the environment.
The project has now identified which chemicals in plastic packaging, based on their potential impact on human health and the environment, should be a priority for the industry to find alternatives to. The process for identification of priority substances uses a set of agreed criteria and expert judgement; its worth noting that different prioritisation processes will have different outcomes.
Today, Monday 24th of September, the UK Government published papers on how the UK plans to transfer EU chemicals law REACH into UK law in the event of a no-deal exit from the EU.
In line with other policy areas, on REACH the UK Government plans to copy across the EU law and only modify it to ensure workability. At first glance this might be assumed to ensure that such an approach would keep the UK’s chemical regulation in line with the EU – while in reality this is not the case.
Defra have suggested that all existing chemical controls would be copied across. However, for future controls the UK would just work with a simplified copy of the EU’s decision-making process in REACH, with the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) acting as the lead UK regulatory authority. We are very concerned that the U.K. may not ban future chemicals of concern in parallel with the EU.
This proposed approach raises a number of significant concerns: [read more]
Plastic packaging in everyday products
As CHEM Trust reported in May a collaboration of academic scientists and NGOs have been working together to identify the hazardous chemicals associated with plastic packaging. We reported that over 4000 chemicals have been identified that are potentially present in plastic packaging or used during its manufacture. At least 148 of these chemicals have been identified as hazardous to human health and/or the environment.
This week the “Chemicals associated with Plastic Packaging database” (CPPdb) has been published.This database lists the chemicals that are likely to be used in the manufacturing of plastic packaging and could be present in final packaging articles like a shampoo bottle, a wrapping of a take-away sandwich or a plastic wrapping for a toy.
The European Union is currently relying on a 19 year old strategy for much of its work on Endocrine (Hormone) Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs), chemicals that can disrupt the sensitive endocrine system of people and wildlife. The European Commission is now consulting on a ‘Roadmap’ “Towards a more comprehensive EU framework on endocrine disrupters”, which is part of the development of a renewed approach. In CHEM Trust’s response we are calling for a stronger focus on policies to reduce exposures to EDCs. [read more]
The UK Government today published a White Paper spelling out its Brexit strategy and CHEM Trust welcomes its reaffirmation that the UK will be seeking ‘active’ participation in the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) and the linked REACH chemicals regulatory system.
The UK Government’s proposals address two of the three preconditions that we believe will be necessary for the UK to have a chance of staying in REACH, however we are very concerned that the third precondition, staying within the EU’s chemical-related laws, is missing.
These other laws, for example covering water pollution, factory emissions and health and safety, are crucial to safe management of chemicals, and CHEM Trust’s view is the the EU will not accept the UK’s request to stay in ECHA without them. [read more]
On March 27th CHEM Trust published the “Toxic Soup” report, which examined how industry is being allowed to replace the well-known hormone disrupting chemical bisphenol A (BPA), with very similar chemicals that may also be harmful, for example bisphenol S (BPS).
The day before we had sent letters to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Commission’s Health Commissioner Vytenis Andriukaitis, calling for accelerated regulatory action on the bisphenols group of chemicals.
We have received replies to all three letters, and new research from ECHA has found that the amount of BPS used in producing thermal paper is increasing rapidly.
In CHEM Trust’s view the UK should aim to remain in the EU’s world-leading chemicals regulatory system REACH and the EU Chemicals Agency ECHA, whatever the final outcome of Brexit. The UK Prime Minister has spoken of ‘Associate Membership’ of ECHA, but it’s not yet clear what this means.
The UK Parliament has just finished a complex set of votes on a range of Brexit-related issues, while the EU chemical industry trade association has also called for the UK to remain close to REACH. However, the Article 50 Taskforce has dismissed the idea of the UK being part of REACH while outside the EU single market….
In its Plastics Strategy, published in January this year, the EU Commission announced it had tasked ECHA to collect background information and review the scientific basis for taking regulatory action at the EU level regarding intentionally added microplastics in products.
[image: Microplastic Ingestion by Zooplankton. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2013, 47 (12), pp 6646–6655]
CHEM Trust has participated in the first step of the process by responding
to ECHA’s call for evidence and information
that closed on 11 May 2018. ECHA will review the evidence presented and then plans to submit a restriction proposal to the EU Commission by mid-January 2019. The proposal will subsequently be discussed and amended by ECHA scientific committees before being submitted to public consultation later in 2019.